Most of us have seen all the new CBD vape oils and E-juices flooding the market but what most of us don't know is what the differences between all these different brands is. You hear things like "No PG added" and "Bio available CBD" but what does it all mean? Finally DiscoverCBD.com will explain what all these mean as well as what all the differences between all of your choices are.
First you need to understand that all CBD oil E-juices or vape oils are mostly comprised of ingredients other than CBD oil, hemp oil or anything cannabis based. The reason why the main ingredients are not cannabis based is that CBD oil concentrates aren't thin enough to flow easily through most vaporizer pens. Since the hemp CBD oil cannot be used just by itself without clogging most vaporizer pens, they use a "base". This "base" serves several purposes,
- Makes the E-Juice thin enough to flow through the vape pens
- Is an easy base for mixing in flavors or other additives
- Creates a larger volume to increase the length of time the CBD oil will last
- Creates a unique vapor whether it be thick fluffy clouds or thinner smaller clouds of vapor. This can reduce the "harsh" vapor of straight CBD oil.
These Vape oil, E-Juice bases are usually made up of one of a few different commonly used bases or a mixture of these bases. The bases typically used will be one of these,
- PEG (polyethylene glycol)
- PG (propylene glycol)
- VG (vegetable glycerin)
- MCT Oil
There are also many secondary items that are commonly mixed with vape oil that are not used in as large of quantities as the "bases" but are still prevalent. Some of these ingredients used are,
- Distilled water
- Flavoring (natural and artificial)
- Food coloring
While these are all ingredients that you will commonly see in vape oils, there is always the CBD itself and that also has a couple different forms.
- CBD oil (usually CO2 extracted sometimes filtered and processed further, sometimes not. Generally between 5% and 50% CBD) Contains other cannabinoids as well as CBD.
- CBD isolate (commonly referred to as crystal CBD or CBD powder/crystals) Contains almost pure Cannabidiol and no other cannnabinoids.
Lets take a closer look at the bases and the pros and cons of each.
Vape oil/E-juice bases
PEG- (Polyethylene Glycol) PEG as well as polypropylene glycol are generally regarded as some of the first bases used for E-Juices. PEG while it has its limitations is generally regarded as a great emulsifier making mixing E-Juices using PEG easy. PEG also vaporizes quite well and will produce a smooth vapor cloud allbeit generally smaller than some of the other bases available. While PEG has seen a smaller portion of the E-juice market than it used to, it's still very widely used and you will commonly see it mixed with VG or PG. PEG is defined by Wikipedia as having a low toxicity. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyethylene_glycol
PG- (Propylene Glycol) PG is much like PEG but generally thinner. PG generally does not emulsify CBD oil quite as good as most PEG its still generally regarded as a good emulsifier. PG just like PEG doesn't create huge vape clouds however it does vape cleanly and is smooth on inhale. PG is widely used in vape oils both for CBD and in the tobacco industry. PG is defined by Wikipedia as having a very low toxicity. PG is used in many items you use in your everyday life such as in ice cream, toothpastes and lotions. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propylene_glycol
VG- (Vegetable Glycerin) VG has become very popular to use in E-juices. Generally regarded as one of the best "bases" for E-juices since it produces large vapor clouds and has been deemed as safe to vaporize. VG has its downsides however, the first one being that its ability to dissolve additives and its ability to emulsify CBD oil is limited. You will commonly see companies adding emulsifiers to VG based E-liquids because VG in and of itself will rarely mix well with oil based concentrates.
MCT oil- Medium Chain Triglycerdie oil is a relatively new addition to the vape oil scene. This oil, which is refined from coconut oil, is actually relatively good at mixing with CBD oils. While the use of Rrefined coconut oil is relatively new and the information available is limited there are a few things we do know about using it as a base for E-juices. We have noticed that coconut oil has a harder time getting wicked up into the atomizers of most vape pens. This difficulty being wicked means that it has the ability to run dry and takes a while to "soak" before it can be vaped in most pens. There are also reports that it can leave a bad residual taste in your mouth after exhale. While there are a few negative reports of using coconut Moil as a base, it is quickly gaining popularity in the vape community and some seem to really like coconut oil based oils.
Secondary ingredients can play a lesser but still very important roll in the manufacturing of CBD oil vape juices or E-Juices. Lets take a closer look at these commonly used secondary ingredients.
Both lecithin and ethanol, as well as distilled water, are generally used as emulsifiers or thinning agents in vape juices.
Terpenes can be added for flavor as well as the potential for it to increase the effectiveness of the CBD contained in the oil. Terpenes have also been used as an aid in emulsifying the CBD oil in the juice.
Flavoring and coloring are pretty easily understood, one of course enhances the taste while the other can change the color of the E-juice.
CBD in vape oils and E-Juices.
CBD oil- While there are many different varieties of hemp CBD oils as described HERE , all CBD oils have some general things that are the same. Hemp CBD oil is generally going to be around 5% - 50% CBD by volume and will contain the CBD molecule as well as other molecules like THC, CBN, CBC and other things such as naturally occurring terpenes, chlorophyll, lipids and other naturally occurring plant constituents. It has been argued that CBD in this form is less "bio available" to your body, basically meaning your body cant use the CBD in the oil efficiently and the CBD is not reaching its full potential when ingested in this manner. While its generally regarded as being true that no one really knows how big or small of a roll this plays in how well the CBD actually works. On the other hand it has also been said by some that you want the CBD oil in this form as it can provide all the other chemicals your body needs besides just CBD. BUY HERE
CBD isolate- Commonly referred to as "CBD crystals" is generally between 95%-99.99% CBD. This CBD form is not an oil, but is typically a white or off white crystalline powder. As the name suggests, this form of CBD is NOT soluble in water much like its counterpart, CBD oil. Because CBD isolates are not water soluble they cant be mixed with most vape oil "bases" but can be mixed with propylene glycol which is generally easier than the CBD oil itself. Another benefit to using CBD isolates is it contains nearly no taste and so the vape oils can be flavored easier and generally will not separate as easily as CBD oil. One of the biggest things you will hear is that CBD isolates, since they are very pure and can be very small is size, are actually received by your body better and therefore more bio-available, making for a more effective source of CBD than CBD oil itself. One concern when using CBD isolate is that because it is so pure, it actually does not contain any of the other chemicals that might be helpful for your body. BUY HERE
Water Soluble CBD oil powder- So this is a new commodity that just recently was introduced into the market. This used to only be available to wholesale buyers but DiscoverCBD.com just made it available to all customers real recently. All water soluble CBD oil powders will contain CBD oil and "binders" or they "nanosize" the CBD and encapsulate it to make it water soluble. These are great to use when making E-liquids because they will dissolve in vegetable glycerin with no additional emulsifiers. These powders can be used for many other things as well such as CBD drinks, tinctures and more. Please note that not all water soluble CBD oil powders are created equal and while many will claim to have water soluble CBD powder very few actually are. In addition to there being a lot of fakes out there the nano CBD that is water soluble is typically very diluted and not very high in mgs of CBD/volume. You also want to stay away from turmeric based water soluble products if you are making E-liquids or any vape product because turmeric does not vape and instead will just burn and taste awful. If you are looking for the best vape-able high CBD water soluble powder you can BUY HERE.
If you are looking for CBD oil based E-juices or vape oils check out these products at DiscoverCBD.com
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If you are looking for CBD isolate E-juices vape oil check out these products at DiscoverCBD.com.
If you still have questions feel free to contact DiscoverCBD.com anytime at email@example.com anytime and we will do our best to help!
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